8 of the Best Botanical Gardens Around the World

From the Royal Botanic Gardens in England to the Jardim Botânico in Rio de Janeiro, here are some of the top botanical gardens across the globe—including some you can visit from home.

8 of the Best Botanical Gardens Around the World

The Queen’s Garden at Kew is dedicated to 17th-century plants and architectural styles.

Courtesy of Kew Gardens

Northern Hemisphere or Southern, east or west, there’s always something in bloom at the best botanical gardens in the world. The astonishing variety of flora on display offers an escape for nature lovers and inspiration for aspiring green thumbs. And although most of these top botanical gardens are temporarily closed as part of the global effort to contain the spread of COVID-19, some are offering virtual tours online—and all are dreamy ideas for when you can hit the road again.

Botanical gardens around the world

Royal Botanic Gardens

Kew, England

Kew Gardens (pictured above) may be the most famous botanical park in the world and not just because it’s a UNESCO World Heritage site. More than 50,000 plants thrive here, including many you’d never expect to find in dreary-gray England. For that, you have the climate-controlled Princess of Wales Conservatory to thank. The glasshouse is carved into zones: one is dedicated to carnivorous plants like Venus flytraps; another to dry tropics such as succulents and cactuses; and a third that is humid and tropical enough to grow Victoria amazonica, the world’s largest water lilies.

The property also has a rock garden with a tiered waterfall and an arboretum with 14,000 trees, including giant redwoods and black locusts dating to the 18th century. For the ultimate immersion, head to the edge of the garden, where a 37-acre storybook forest meets the River Thames and an elevated trail snakes through a watercolorist’s palette of wildflowers.

Visit Kew Gardens virtually.


Singapore Botanic Gardens are the first tropical botanic gardens recognized by UNESCO.

Photo by Danny Ye/Shutterstock

Singapore Botanic Gardens


The Singapore Botanic Gardens, the Lion City’s crown jewel, celebrates its 160th anniversary this year. It is the only tropical botanic garden on the UNESCO World Heritage list and the first UNESCO World Heritage site in Singapore. The 203-acre greenspace welcomes millions of visitors a year, many drawn by plentiful photo opps of lakeside gazebos, groves of wild fruit trees, the bonsai garden, and a perfumed grouping of frangipani. Of special note is the 7.4-acre National Orchid Garden—the largest of its kind, with more than 1,000 wild species and 2,000 hybrids, organized into color zones.


Giant Amazonian lily pads at the Jardim Botânico

Photo by Valeria Pautasso/Shutterstock

Jardim Botânico

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Rio’s 350-acre Jardim Botânico, founded in 1808 by John, prince regent of the United Kingdom of Brazil and Portugal, has built a reputation as one of the finest tropical gardens on Earth. Of its 7,000-plus species of tropical plants, the vast majority are native to Brazil. And though it’s the garden’s Avenue of Royal Palms that surface repeatedly on Instagram, its rare bromeliads and traditional Japanese garden are not to be missed. Note to birders: Bring your binoculars because more than 100 species of fowl are known to shack up in this garden.


The Arctic-Alpine Botanical Garden showcases plants from some of the world’s most northern regions.

Courtesy of the Arctic-Alpine Botanical Garden

Arctic-Alpine Botanical Garden

Tromsø, Norway

The Arctic-Alpine Botanical Garden, the world’s northernmost botanical garden, showcases traditional perennials and herbs from the tippy-top of Norway, plus a surprising array of plants from other continents. Part of the University of Tromsø, there are 25 collections in total, specializing in Arctic and Antarctic plants, as well as species native to the Himalayas, South America, and Africa. The garden is open year-round and free to visit, but most flowering takes place between May and October. In winter, BYO skis to experience the AABG’s evergreen shrubs and snow-capped rockscapes.


Get a different perspective on the plants at Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden on the Centenary Tree Canopy Walkway, which towers 40 feet above ground.

Photo by Subodh Agnihotri/Shutterstock

Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden

Cape Town, South Africa

It’s hard to beat a backdrop that includes Table Mountain National Park. Nestled into the eastern slopes of South Africa’s most iconic landmark, this world-renowned garden lives up to its hype: 1,305 acres with more than 7,000 species of plants, most of which are native to the Cape and southern Africa. Located eight miles from the heart of Cape Town, the 107-year-old Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden is blessed with postcard-worthy groupings of protea and cycads, hiking and mountain biking trails, expansive lawns for picnicking, and a 427-foot tree-top walkway that arcs gently above the arboretum’s canopy.

Botanical gardens in the United States


The NYBG was inspired by another garden on this list: Kew Gardens in England.

Photo by June Marie Sobrito/Shutterstock

New York Botanical Garden

New York City

The Bronx’s best-known National Historic Landmark was established in 1891 by botanists Nathaniel Lord Britton and his wife, Elizabeth. Inspired by a visit to Kew Gardens, the couple founded their own botanical paradise on the north side of Bronx Park, close to an old-growth forest and the babbling Bronx River. Nearly 130 years and 250 acres later, that picturesque greenspace has morphed into the New York Botanical Garden, the largest city-based botanical garden in the United States. Its 50 specialty gardens feature more than a million plants and 12,000 species, including lilacs and magnolias.

Highlights of any visit include a stroll through the Victorian-style glasshouse conservatory, the impressive northeastern North American native plant garden, and what is widely considered one of the world’s most sustainable rose gardens. With that kind of cache, it’s no surprise the NYBG also books marquee exhibitions. (Alas, its biggest show of 2020—Japanese artist Yayoi Kusama’s Cosmic Naturehas been pushed to spring of 2021. )

Visit the NYBG virtually.


America’s oldest operating botanical garden is in St. Louis, Missouri.

Photo by Shutterstock

Missouri Botanical Garden

St. Louis, Missouri

Established in 1859 by merchant Henry Shaw, this National Historic Landmark is America’s oldest botanical garden still in continuous operation. Its 79-acre spread is best known for the Climatron, a geodesic-dome greenhouse with a rain forest–like climate, dense tropical foliage, and a river aquarium teeming with exotic fish. More than 2,800 plants grow inside, including cacao and coffee. It’s also earned international acclaim for its comprehensive botanical reference library and herbarium with more than 6.5 million mounted specimens (the second-largest in the States). Other notable draws include the 14-acre Japanese strolling garden, one of the oldest in the nation, and an 8,000-square-foot glass butterfly conservatory housing more than 60 species of the winged beauties and 100 species of exotic flowering plants.

Visit Missouri Botanical Garden virtually on its YouTube channel.


Sonoran Desert blooms are on display at the Desert Botanical Garden in Phoenix.

Courtesy of the Desert Botanical Garden

Desert Botanical Garden

Phoenix, Arizona

Snuggled into the dusty red rocks of the Papago Buttes, the 140-acre Desert Botanical Garden has more than 50,000 arid plants and 4,482 species in its unique collection. Of those, 379 species are rare and endangered. In existence for 81 years, the garden has gotten creative with its programming, offering desert landscaping classes for homeowners and five themed hiking trails that are especially nice for families. Pick up the Sonoran Desert Nature Loop to learn how the region’s Tohono O’odham and Western Apache people used native plants, or hop on the Desert Wildflower Loop to see hummingbirds darting amid the cactuses.

Visit the Desert Botanical Garden virtually on its YouTube channel.

>>Next: When and Where to See Flowers Blooming Around the World

Ashlea Halpern is a contributing editor at T: The New York Times Style Magazine and cofounder of Minnevangelist, a site dedicated to all things Minnesota. Her work has appeared in Condé Nast Traveler, Bon Appétit, New York Magazine, Time, Esquire, Dwell, the Wall Street Journal, and Midwest Living. Follow her adventures on Instagram at @ashleahalpern.
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