Taiwan is a small island of enormous extremes. It's an eight-hour drive from end to end and just 135 miles across at its widest point. Within that area, you'll find East Asia’s tallest peak and the world’s finest collection of Chinese art amid a thick quilt of jungles, beaches, and gorges. Taiwan is home to thousands of temples, more than a dozen aboriginal tribes, and a diverse population of Chinese, Thai, Indian, Vietnamese, and Filipino descent. This is a country where one can bathe in rare mud hot springs, stand atop a 101-story skyscraper, eat pork belly cooked on a hot stone, and dine in a 5-star restaurant—all in the same day.