The Bloody Mary Turns 100 in Paris

The iconic vodka-tomato juice cocktail can trace its origins back to Harry’s Bar in Paris in 1921. This week the bar is hosting centenary events to mark the cocktail’s landmark birthday.

The Bloody Mary Turns 100 in Paris

A bartender prepares a Bloody Mary at Harry’s Bar in Paris, where the iconic cocktail originated in 1921.

Photo by AP Photo/Rafael Yaghobzadeh

Harry’s Bar in Paris is celebrating the 100th birthday of the Bloody Mary, the vodka-tomato juice cocktail believed to have been invented at the iconic watering hole in 1921. The centenary events this week bring a welcome respite from winter gloom and worries about the Omicron variant of the coronavirus.

The bar is carefully checking COVID-19 health passes as foreign visitors gather to sample the drink closely associated with Harry’s Bar, whose patrons over the past century have included writers Ernest Hemingway and F. Scott Fitzgerald.

According to the history of Harry’s, bartender Fernand Petiot invented the cocktail, and the recipe was first published in a book called Harry’s ABC of Cocktails in 1921.

“It’s a classic drink,” bartender Dante Agnelli said while demonstrating the mixology behind the drink, ingredient by ingredient: salt and pepper, Tabasco sauce, Worcestershire sauce, lemon juice, vodka, and tomato juice.

“You make it directly in the glass,” Agnelli said as he stood at the counter where Petiot first performed the now well-established ritual 100 years ago, at the dawn of what became known as the roaring 1920s.

The origin of the Bloody Mary

Franz-Arthur MacElhone, a great-grandson of bar founder Harry MacElhone, recounted different legends surrounding how the Bloody Mary got its name.

“Petiot said it was for a dancer that he was very fond of called Mary,” MacElhone explained. “She used to work in a place in Chicago called the Bucket of Blood.” But that’s only one explanation for the name of the famous drink.

There are others, MacElhone said.

“There’s a Hemingway story,” he said. “It was just before he got married, and he had been dating somebody called Mary.”

As that story goes, Hemingway allegedly did not want to have alcohol on his breath and asked for a drink mixed with juice. Tomato juice was added, and “while he was drinking it, he was saying ‘bloody Mary,’” MacElhone said.

Harry’s Bar was located on New York’s Seventh Avenue before it was dismantled, shipped to Europe, and rebuilt in Paris in 1911.

Harry’s Bar was located on New York’s Seventh Avenue before it was dismantled, shipped to Europe, and rebuilt in Paris in 1911.

Photo by AP Photo/Rafael Yaghobzadeh

How Harry’s is celebrating the Bloody Marys 100th

Harry’s Bar plans to host a celebration on the night of Thursday, December 16, despite concerns about the spread of the Omicron variant of the coronavirus in Europe and a surge in new virus infections across France.

MacElhone said the celebration would take place in line with government regulations: the health passes of patrons from around the world will be checked, hand sanitizers will be distributed, and bar staff will wear masks.

In recent days, the French government expanded the places where passes are required, including all restaurants and a growing number of events and venues. To get one, people must show proof of full vaccination, a negative virus test less than 24 hours old, or recent recovery from COVID-19.

The French government closed nightclubs and tightened social distancing measures but is trying to avoid a new lockdown. The health protocol is the only visible change inside the bar that used to be located on New York’s Seventh Avenue before it was dismantled, shipped to Europe, and rebuilt in central Paris in 1911. For Harry’s patrons, the timeless decor is a reassuring fixture, particularly at a time of uncertainty due to the pandemic.

“Once you walk in, you leave all your worries aside,” said Ihab Hassan, 61, a retired businessman from Egypt and a regular at the bar since the 1970s. The coronavirus pandemic was not enough to get in the way of his favorite Paris pastime, Hassan said with a Bloody Mary on the counter in front of him.

Sitting next to Hassan were an American, Jay Sing, and an Australian, Renée DiGeorgio. They shared their thoughts on the famous cocktail with an Associated Press reporter, acknowledging they had already consumed a few.

“Sometimes, with breakfast, for my hangover, we drink Bloody Marys,” said DiGeorgio, 42, who works in the mining industry and is based in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

“This is a really nice Bloody Mary,” he said. “It’s actually the first time I’ve ever drunk a Bloody Mary when the sun’s down!”

All three men said they took the necessary health precautions to be safe and in compliance with government antivirus regulations.

“I have four vaccines in me,” said Sing, 28, a tech industry worker from New York. “I’m like the Iron Man. Nothing is touching me!”

>> Next: Signature Cocktails From Around the World That You Should Try at Home

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