Cambodia

Cambodia is smaller than Oklahoma, with a landmass of less than 70,000 square miles, yet it contains some big lures for visitors. At Angkor, one of the world’s most significant archeological sites, 12th-century temples stretch for 150 miles. The Tonlé Sap, a lake within the Mekong River basin, represents one of the most varied freshwater ecosystems on the planet.

More than two million people a year visit Cambodia, heading to the central and northern regions, as well as to the heartlands for temple tours and river experiences. The charming coast also wows, from the colonial architecture of Kampot to the lively seafood markets in Kep, and the natural splendor of Ream National Park.

Asian monks stand and look to Angkor wat in siem reap, Cambodia, this image can use for travel and landmark in Asia

Phot By anek.soowannaphoom/Shutterstock

Overview

When’s the best time to go to Cambodia?

Cambodia has two seasons—wet (May to October) and dry (November to April)—and both hold charms abundant.

In November, temperatures at night dip to the low 70s, and while you won’t need a raincoat, you may want an umbrella to shield you from the sun and to put some distance between you and the seasonal crowds at Angkor Wat.

April usually means 100 degrees during the day, but that month’s New Year’s festivities are beautiful, with games and dancing and celebratory dishes like the kralan, a delicious roasted coconut rice cake. It’s easy to fall in love with the romance of the monsoon months, when jungles are at their most vibrant, wildlife is abundant, and crowds are blissfully absent.

How to get around Cambodia

A flexible itinerary and easy-going attitude are optimal, as the few existing highways only began seeing extensive asphalt in 2008.

Flights land daily at Phnom Penh International Airport from major Asian cities, via several carriers. Cambodia Angkor Air flies Phnom Penh to Siem Reap and down to the beaches of Sihanoukville for a few hundred dollars, but charter buses are the cheapest and most common option. Private car with drivers are also popular and can shave an hour off of bus time. A private car from the capital to the coast costs around $60 each way.

Cambodia’s Royal Railway––defunct for decades––is running again, and is a romantic-yet-thrifty option ($7+) for travel to Phnom Penh, Sihanoukville, Takeo, and Kampot. The restored cars offer air-conditioning and bathrooms.

In cities or villages or beach towns, tuk tuks can take you where you want to go. And in Battambang, ride the famous Norry trains, bamboo platforms that ramble along tracks to nowhere and back again, reaffirming that “it’s about the journey, not the destination.”

Can’t miss things to do in Cambodia

Millions of people tour Cambodia’s UNESCO-recognized temples, spending the night in lovely boutique hotels in neighboring Siem Reap. Battambang’s mesmerizing local circus gets press for good reason, and a plate of pepper crab in Kampot is an unforgettable indulgence. The sunsets over the emerald waters and white sand of Koh Rong Islands are Instagram gold, and Phnom Penh’s culinary scene is the latest talk of Southeast Asia.

Food and drink to try in Cambodia

Expect ingredients familiar from Thai food, like lemongrass, lime, coconut, soy, sugar, ginger, and vinegar, but without the intense spice. The most common pepper you’ll find is a peppercorn variety native to Kampot. Amok is the national dish: a slightly sweet coconut fish curry, with turmeric, lime, palm sugar, and fish sauce. Bai Sach Chrouk is breakfast—sliced pork over rice with pickled cucumbers—and never skip dessert. In this former French colony, skilled bakers are plentiful.

Culture in Cambodia

This was a powerful kingdom from the 4th to the 14th century, comprising vast sections of Thailand, Laos, and Vietnam. Cambodia has worked its influence on many Asian arts, from carving to dance, ceremonies to architecture. Family is extremely important to the fabric of life, and traditional marriage remains sacred. In rural areas, unmarried women and men avoid physical contact, as sex before marriage is strongly held social taboo. Children begin school around the age of seven and while the father figure in the family usually holds the authority, Cambodians show great respect to the matriarch as well. In the late 1970s and early ‘80s, the Khmer Rouge regime enslaved and murdered millions. A visit to the Killing Fields of Choeung Ek and the Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum in the capital is an important step to understanding the culture’s troubled past and fervent desire for a bright future. The Phnom Penh City Center project––a real estate venture bringing new housing, entertainment, retail, and restaurants––can provide a happy counterpoint in focus. The project is predicted to draw 200,000 people per day by 2025.

Events

One of the most popular annual events is November’s Water Festival, with colorful boat races and fireworks stretching over three days.

In summer, monsoons flood the Mekong River, temporarily forcing its waters back upstream into the lake of Tonlé Sap and bringing rich nutrients to the lake as well as thousands of fish. This is a bountiful time for eating, drinking, and celebrating.

Most events follow the Cambodian Lunar Calendar—the Chhankitek—but that’s not to say all are religious or agricultural. The Johnnie Walker Golf Tournament at the Phokeethra Country Club in Siem Reap is held in autumn. Marathons are popular, too, including the International Half Marathon in December and the Ultra Trail d’Angkor in January.

For Families

At the Battambang Phare Ponleu Selpak Circus, performers of all ages mix comedy and satire with breathtaking acts under a ‘big top’ tent. This city’s Norry trains are also popular families. Passengers whizz through the jungle on bamboo platforms propelled by small motors. (The rigs were originally used to transport agriculture between villages.) The Russian Market and weekend night market in Phnom Penh offer a million entertaining sights, sounds, and toys for sale, and the koi fish pond at the National Museum is a kid favorite.

Local travel tips for Cambodia

Theft is common in the capital. Avoid wearing jewelry or using your cell phone on the street. Cambodians traditionally cover their knees and shoulders, and this practice is enforced at holy sites and temples. Unmarried women and men avoid touching. Putting your arm around a stranger for a photo or touching a child may be misunderstood.

Guide Editor

Jenny Adams is a full-time freelance writer and photographer, who over the last decade has spent six months a year living in Southeast Asia. She formerly worked for an NGO in Sihanoukville, Cambodia. Jenny catalogs her triumphs and mishaps on her blog, www.BuddhaDrinksFanta.com. She covers food, cocktails, and off-the-beaten-track travel stories for a number of publications.

Read Before You Go
Resources to help plan your trip
Battambang is dreamy. Awaken to sepia morning light pouring through your window, bringing with it hints of wood smoke and lemongrass. The closest thing to a traffic jam here is when women pedaling to work on old rusty bicycles stop for children splashing in puddles. Restaurants are lively at 6 p.m. and often shuttered by 10. The pace is languid and the options for travelers are truly one-of-a-kind. Make sure to grab a seat under the big top at the Phare Ponleu Circus and catch a ride on the bamboo norry train. Between the local culture and cuisine, volunteering and local interactions, it’s easy to fall in love with quiet, charming, old Battambang. All you really have to do is show up.
A cotton checked krama, the scarf worn by locals in myriad ways, is probably the most quintessential of Cambodian souvenirs for travelers to Siem Reap, however, a number of other locally made objects have become must-buys for many visitors to Temple Town. These are my tips as to what you should buy, including everything from colorful lacquered elephants made by the artisans at Theam’s House to a soft silk scarf or silk ‘fur’ handbag by Siem Reap-based designer Eric Raisina.
Shopping in Siem Reap can be a delight—from watching artisans at work in ateliers before you purchase their crafts, to getting fitted for affordable couture fashion, to buying handcrafted gifts at the Made in Cambodia market. We even enjoy the guilty pleasure of bargaining for tacky tourist trinkets at the markets. Start in the morning at the Old Market for the people-watching as much as the shopping, spend the day browsing boutiques and galleries, then finish at the lively night markets.
If you’re the kind of person who can’t start the day without a hit of caffeine and you know your ristretto from your espresso, then fortunately Siem Reap has a decent selection of cafes, the best being Little Red Fox Espresso on hip Hup Guan Street. In the old quarter, Cafe Central and The Sun make good coffee, do reasonably good food and have loads of colonial-era atmosphere. New Leaf Cafe and Sister Srey are good spots to meet expats while Peace Cafe is a favorite with vegans and vegetarians.
The gateway to the ruins of Angkor, Siem Reap draws temple tourists from around the globe. From Ta Prohm, Angkor Wat, and Banteay Srei, the temples of Angkor date back to the 12th century, if not farther back.
Three days will give you a taste of Siem Reap and its archaeological sites with time for a handful of other engaging experiences. Spend the first day focused on the star sights at Angkor Archaeological Park, like Angkor Wat and Angkor Thom, home to Bayon and Ta Prohm. On day two venture out to lesser visited temple ruins such as Koh Ker and Beng Mealea. On day three, do a cooking class and walking tour or floating village cruise. Spend your evenings seeing cultural shows, shopping and dining.
Where Southeast Asian beaches are concerned, the longer the journey, the more worthy the destination. It’s true. It may take a bit more effort to reach Cambodia’s beaches than many of those in Thailand or Malaysia, but choose wisely and all the buses, taxis, and tuktuks will soon be forgotten. Adventurers eager to get off the grid entirely will love Koh Ta Kiev. If lounging by your own personal infinity pool is more your speed, then you should invest your vacation budget in a villa at Song Saa’s private island resort.
From sunrise over Angkor Wat and scrambling the Khmer Empire temples of Bayon and Ta Prohm to cruising the floating villages and learning to cook Cambodian cuisine, Siem Reap offers some must-do experiences that are essential no matter how touristy they may be. The star archaeological attractions shouldn’t only occupy you. Also allow some time to eat and drink—in Cuisine Wat Damnak and Miss Wong respectively—and kick back in atmospheric spots like Cafe Central.
Siem Reap is home to Cambodia’s finest restaurants, including the outstanding Cuisine Wat Damnak, named Cambodia’s Best Restaurant when it crept onto the San Pellegrino Asia’s 50 Best Restaurants list at #50 in March 2015. The town’s Khmer restaurants should be your priority, including Sugar Palm and Chanrey Tree for outstanding traditional food, served in beautiful spaces. However, Siem Reap also boasts an abundance of restaurants offering international cuisines, from Italian to Indian.
Sometimes treasured World Heritage sites aren’t sites at all.
The FCC Angkor in Siem Reap is centered around a historic mansion.
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