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A Year After Blaze, Notre Dame Restoration Halted by Coronavirus

By Elaine Ganley, Associated Press

04.15.20

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A man wears a mask to protect against the spread of coronavirus as he passes Notre Dame cathedral in Paris on Monday, April 13, 2020.

Photo by AP Photo/Michel Euler

A man wears a mask to protect against the spread of coronavirus as he passes Notre Dame cathedral in Paris on Monday, April 13, 2020.

April 15 marks the one-year anniversary of the fire that destroyed the Paris landmark.

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The Cathedral of Notre Dame stands crippled and alone, locked in a dangerous web of twisted scaffolding one year after a cataclysmic fire gutted its interior, toppled its famous spire, and horrified the world. Some of the 40,000 prickly metal bars—erected for an earlier renovation project—melted in the intense blaze on April 15, 2019. The unstable scaffolding now endangers the Gothic jewel that for many embodies the soul of France. 

The restoration of the landmark from the 12th and 13th centuries has been halted and the workers sent home because of France’s coronavirus lockdown that began March 17, thwarting plans to start removing the 250 tons of metal scaffolding.

So even Notre Dame has been left in isolation by the pandemic that has affected so many people across France. On Good Friday, Paris Archbishop Michel Aupetit led an exceptional but tiny gathering inside the church at the foot of the huge golden cross that remains intact.

This photo taken on March 9, 2020, shows inside Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris.

“Today, we stand in this half-fallen cathedral to say that life is still here,” Aupetit said in the televised ceremony. 

The gathering in the fragile church that remains under lockdown was meant to raise the spirits of a nation in distress.

“The message of hope is especially important for our compatriots at a time when we are particularly affected by the coronavirus, which is sowing anguish and death,” the archbishop told reporters.

There was no Easter service, and there are no plans to mark the anniversary of the devastating fire.

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“As long as we have this scaffolding around, there’s still sort of a 50 percent chance that more damage can be brought to the cathedral,” said Notre Dame chaplain Brice de Malherbe, who last year was evacuated from his home next door as flames engulfed the roof.

He recalled his worst moment that night: “When one had the impression that the fire was coming down and suddenly it resumed in one of the towers.”

Yet, Notre Dame de Paris remained standing, still grandly surveying the French capital from the island in the Seine, her two familiar bell towers partially eaten from within by flames but their heavy stones apparently only charred on the outside.

French President Emmanuel Macron wants the cathedral to reopen its giant doors in time for the 2024 Olympic Games in Paris. But progress has been delayed by setbacks, from the discovery of toxic dust from the melted lead roof and spire to the health and safety demands of the pandemic.

Officials hope the scaffolding can be removed by autumn. Then, stones must be analyzed to see which need to be replaced. Debris and huge ancient beams that burned like kindling must be cleared from the soaring vaults, Malherbe said. An umbrella structure will then be built to protect the site, which is now surrounded by high barricades.

Why We Wept for Notre-Dame as It Burned

For one fervent devotee of Notre Dame, the barricades, which replaced a smaller barrier, symbolize her loss and the virus spreading across France and the world.

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“Notre Dame is confined. I couldn’t throw a bouquet of flowers over to her,” said Cecile Deleville, who had tossed one over the lower fencing in December. “It’s as though they took that away, too.”

The 67-year-old retiree dared to take her first look at the cathedral a day after the fire, along with reporters from the Associated Press. She said at the time that she felt like an orphan. Now, she fears she won’t see Notre Dame reborn in her lifetime. Deleville worries that the reconstruction will fall by the wayside as France tries to rebuild its economy once the virus has been vanquished.

Donations large and small are helping to pay for the restoration, with 400 million euros (US$437 million) from three sources alone: the Total oil company and French tycoons Francois Pinault and Bernard Arnault of the luxury giant LVMH. Millions more have been pledged, but it was the modest donations, mainly from people in France and the United States, that covered the initial costs.

Those in charge of returning Notre Dame to its original splendor are still at work, despite being locked down. The cathedral “has been gravely injured, undeniably so,” Jean-Luis Georgelin, a retired general appointed by Macron to head the restoration project, said in an interview with the Catholic publication Le Pelerin.

But it has resisted thermal shocks from the fire, water from hoses that drenched it for days, the summer heat, and high winds, he said, adding that sensors installed to read any movement of the structure have picked up nothing notable. 

A timeline for the reconstruction may need to be redrawn to account for the virus lockdown. What also is unclear is what the new spire will look like. Will it be a copy of architect Eugene-Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc’s 19th-century creation in lead that soared 96 meters (315 feet) high or a contemporary version? 

With Notre Dame still in agony, Deleville, the believer who lost her church, cannot muster a vision of the future.

“It makes my heart cry,” she said. “I return but she isn’t there.”

Oleg Cetinic in Paris contributed.

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