A 30-minute walk from the Old Town is the bohemian district of Kazimierz. Once one of the most important centers of Jewish culture in Poland, and indeed in the whole of Europe, few of the city's Jewish people survived the horrors of the Holocaust. This part of Krakow retains its unique identity and indeed the celebration of its Jewish heritage has seen a steady revival since Steven Spielberg used the streets of Kazimierz as a backdrop for his movie Schindler's List. Visit the Old Synagogue in Ulica Szeroka, browse the galleries run by recent Jewish immigrants along Ulica Jozefa, and pay a visit to the excellent Galicia Jewish Museum, which also hosts regular cultural events.
Kazimierz extraordinarily preserves what was once a thriving Jewish community. Painted jewish art on street building, synagogues, and an entire strip dedicated to judaic home style cooking allow this part of the city to actively relive its past. Beyond preservation, it ignites the night with a bustling bar and restaurant scene. The meals are cheap and flavorsome, the vodka is strong, and the night-owls happily roam the streets.