If you have visited Rome, Montréal's cathedral (Basilique-Cathédrale Marie-Reine-du-Monde et Saint-Jacques-le-Majeur) may look familiar. It's a reproduction, on a smaller scale, of St. Peter's Basilica. In a city where relations between francophone (largely Roman Catholic) and anglophone (largely Protestant) communities have alternated between coexistence and tense hostility, the design of the cathedral made a statement. It was an intentional rejection of the Gothic style favored by the Anglican Church at the time (construction began in 1870, and it was consecrated in 1894). Its location, on the predominantly anglophone west side of Montréal, was also a provocative gesture. In addition to its stunning architecture and statuary, the cathedral is home to a notable series of paintings illustrating the history of religious orders in Québec.