Courtesy of the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation
Illustration by Claudia Cardia
How do you know if you have one? Real ID–compliant driver’s licenses feature a star in the upper right-hand corner.
By May 2023, if you don’t have a Real ID, passport or trusted traveler program card (such as Global Entry), you will not be able to fly.
Starting May 3, 2023, the U.S. Transportation Security Administration (TSA) will require travelers to present a Real ID–compliant driver’s license in order to fly domestically. This is serious: If you don't present a Real ID, valid passport, or trusted traveler program card, such as Global Entry or Nexus, you will not be allowed to fly. Here’s what you need to know about whether you have the right kind of ID and how to get one if you don’t.
A Real ID is a driver’s license or identification card that meets certain minimum security standards established by the Real ID Act in 2005 on the basis of a recommendation made by the 9/11 Commission following the attacks on September 11, 2001. The new standards are intended to ensure that identification cards are more secure.
Starting May 3, 2023 (the deadline has already been extended twice), all U.S. travelers 18 and older (kids traveling domestically with an adult don’t need to provide identification) will be required to present a driver’s license that is considered Real ID compliant when passing through airport security.
If you don’t have a compliant ID by that date, you will have to show another acceptable form of identification to fly within the United States, such as a valid passport, permanent resident card, or Department of Homeland Security trusted traveler program card, such as Global Entry or Nexus.
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Each state handles the issuance of driver’s licenses and identification cards independently, and each state has its own Real ID requirements. Thus, the requirements vary slightly from state to state. But typically, the main difference in applying for and getting a Real ID–compliant license versus a noncompliant one lies in the documentation you need to provide.
For instance, to get a Real ID in California, you will need to make an appointment at a California Department of Motor Vehicles office (you cannot obtain a Real ID online), provide an identifying document such as a passport or birth certificate, proof of your Social Security number such as your Social Security card or a W-2 form, and proof of California residency, as outlined on the Real ID explainer portal on the California DMV website.
Massachusetts offers a convenient Real ID answers tool that allows users to follow a series of questions online to determine whether they should get a Real ID–compliant driver’s license or a standard driver’s license and the different processes required to obtain one or the other.
Each state has a similar explainer and a quick online search for your state and “Real ID” should put you on track to getting all the necessary details.
According to TSA, compliant cards are typically marked with a star (either gold or black) in the upper portion of the card. Compliant California IDs are marked with a star inside of an image of a bear. The agency recommends that people who aren’t sure whether they have a compliant ID contact their state driver’s license agency about how to obtain a compliant card.
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As states have begun issuing Real ID–compliant licenses and have marked compliant IDs with a gold or black star of some kind, they have also identified noncompliant IDs with a tag that states something like “federal limits apply” or “not for federal ID,” indicating that it is not a Real ID. (Note that those indications have only been introduced as each state made Real IDs available. Prior to that, there was no indication one way or another.)
All 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and four of five U.S. territories are now issuing Real ID-compliant licenses and identification cards (American Samoa is the only territory not yet issuing them).
On May 3, 2023, if you are unable to provide a Real ID–compliant license or other acceptable form of ID, such as a valid passport or U.S. military ID, you will not be allowed to fly. Your wings will literally be clipped.
If you travel internationally and already have a passport, this won’t be such a big issue because your passport can serve as a stand-in until you obtain a Real ID–compliant driver’s license. But if you plan on flying domestically after May 3, 2023, and your passport will have expired or you currently don’t have a passport, getting a Real ID is something you will need to do.
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