Mexican President Andrés Manuel López Obrador inaugurated a new Mexico City airport, Felipe Angeles International Airport, on Monday, March 21, one of his four hallmark building projects.
The government pulled out all the fanfare it could muster, including releasing a documentary on the project showing an army general talking to a statue.
The terminal was built by the army, on an army airbase, and named after an army general.
But the new terminal will handle only about 16 flights per day, in part because it is so far from the city and rail links and expressways have yet to be completed. On Monday, only about 2,000 passengers used the new terminal, a far cry from the 2.4 million the government hopes to attract by the end of the year.
Only one “international” flight will use the airport, a flight to Caracas, Venezuela, operated by a Venezuelan carrier that is under U.S. sanctions.
López Obrador conceded that the new terminal is more popular among cargo flights than passenger jets.
“It is just a question of the airlines increasing their flights,” the president said. “In the case of cargo traffic, there has been more progress, the [old] Mexico City airport is saturated in cargo, as well.”
The new Felipe Angeles Mexico City airport reflects the contrasts and contradictions of López Obrador’s administration.
There is government austerity—his main campaign promise is fully on display in the rather bare-bones terminal—as well as his customary outsized reliance on the Mexican army.
A documentary on the building of the terminal features an army general speaking to and saluting a huge statue of General Felipe Angeles, who fought alongside Pancho Villa in Mexico’s 1910–1917 Revolution and was later executed.
But there are also widely ridiculed government claims about how long it will take passengers to get to the new terminal, located 27 miles (43 kilometers) from the city center, and repeated complaints by the president that there is a conspiracy in the press to besmirch his new airport.
The president sees the new airport as a symbol of his twilight battle against privilege, conservativism, and ostentation—things he despises.
López Obrador found an easy target in the vastly expensive, architecturally daring project started by his predecessor to build a huge, flashy new airport in a swamp on the city’s eastern edge, much closer to the city’s center.
López Obrador decided to cancel that and build the new airport on firmer soil to the north. It is projected to cost $4 billion, which López Obrador claims represents a cost savings compared to the swampy site, which might have required billions in maintenance because of the waterlogged soil.
The new airport will run in tandem with Mexico City’s existing airport, whose two, saturated terminals had been scheduled for closure under the earlier plan.
It is one of four keystone projects he is racing to finish before his term ends in 2024—the airport, an oil refinery, a tourist train in the Yucatan Peninsula, and a train linking Gulf coast and Pacific seaports—reflecting his vision that his is not just a normal, six-year presidential term. (Mexico does not allow re-election.)
He sees himself as leading a historic, irreversible “transformation” of Mexico, and he has turned to building projects—and the army—to guard that legacy. The army will actually own and operate some of the projects after they’re finished.
But the rush to complete the projects has drawn criticism. The new airport was inaugurated before road and rail links were completed, and the government has announced it will force any carriers that want to schedule new flights to Mexico City to use the new airport, rather than the older, closer airport.
When his Maya Train tourist project ran into problems—engineers found they couldn’t build an elevated stretch along the Caribbean coast because it would mean closing down the region’s only highway—they simply began running the line through the low jungle.
No comprehensive environmental impact statement or feasibility plan was ever drawn up for the project. Nobody knows how many tourists will really use it.
In a bid to boost the new terminal, the government changed the rules that usually require passengers to show up two hours before a domestic flight, and three hours before an international flight. At the Felipe Angeles terminal, they will only be required to show up one or two hours before those flights.