German officials launched what they say is the world’s first fleet of hydrogen-powered passenger trains Wednesday, replacing 14 diesel trains that previously operated on unelectrified tracks in the state of Lower Saxony.
The 14 trains use hydrogen fuel cells to generate electricity that powers the engines. The German government has backed expanding the use of hydrogen as a clean alternative to fossil fuels.
State governor Stephan Weil said the €93 million (US$92 million) project was an “excellent example” for Lower Saxony’s efforts to make its economy greener.
The trains manufactured by French company Alstom are operated by regional rail company LNVG on routes between the northern towns of Cuxhaven, Bremerhaven, Bremervoerde, and Buxtehude.
Alstom says the Coradia iLint trains have a range of up to 1,000 kilometers (621 miles) and a maximum speed of 140 kph (87 mph). By using hydrogen produced with renewable energy, the trains will save 1.6 million liters (more than 422,000 gallons) of diesel fuel a year.
The hydrogen is currently produced as a by-product in chemical processes, but German specialty gas company Linde plans to manufacture it locally using only renewable energy within three years.