Thirty miles south of Cape Cod is the tiny island of Nantucket, "The Little Grey Lady of the Sea." Originally populated by the Wampanoag people and settled by the British in the seventeenth century, Nantucket developed into the whaling capital of the world. Today it is an upscale vacation destination, especially popular in the summer, where cute cobblestoned streets, rose-covered cottages, and four centuries of maritime history are set alongside unspoiled beaches, significant conservation efforts, and superb seafood and cocktail joints.