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Historical Culture and Archaeology

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There’s no escaping ancient history in Athens, so it's best to simply dive in. The city offers plenty to learn and see both outdoors in ruins, and indoors in extensive and often stunning museums. Travelers who want inside information on and easy navigation of outdoor sites should book a local tour guide to save time and avoid stress.
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Acropolis, Athens 116 36, Greece
The Acropolis is, for most people, the "can't miss" site. Because of its popularity it can be very busy, and the hours seem to change constantly. There's also the possibility that the workers might go on strike, which can mess with your plans as...
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Dionysiou Areopagitou 15, Athina 117 42, Greece
Swiss architect Bernhard Tschumi has created the perfect encapsulation and institutionalization of Greek antiquity in the new Acropolis Museum. The museum's facade literally mirrors the actual Acropolis above it; glass floors allow visitors...
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Koumpari 1, Athina 106 74, Greece
An extraordinary repository of Greek culture through the ages, this eclectic museum has something for everyone: Bronze Age jewelry, Byzantine icons, traditional folk costumes, Lord Byron's pistols, Cavafy’s poems and 20th-century paintings. The...
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Every summer, the Athens Festival brings world-class performances to an unorthodox range of venues across town. The most impressive is this Roman amphitheater beneath the Acropolis, where Maria Callas, Frank Sinatra and ballerina Sylvie Guillem...
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28is Oktovriou 44, Athina 106 82, Greece
Vast and glorious, this is the largest archeological museum in Greece and considered one of the most important institutions for antiquity anywhere. Inside its collonaded neoclassical building are collections dating to prehistoric times and...
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Athens 105 57, Greece
The Temple of Olympian Zeus was the largest of all the known temples in Athens, around twice the size of the Parthenon. The Parthenon still stands fairly close to its original size, whereas the Temple of Olympian Zeus is now just a...
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Ermou, Athina 125, Greece
Not far from Monastiraki’s bustling market, you'll find Kerameikos, the trendy neighborhood, and Kerameikos, an ancient cemetery—the latter a beautiful place for archaeology buffs to wander, without the crowds of the Acropolis....
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On a craggy promontory overlooking the Aegean, Cape Sounion is a scenic drive 70 kilometers from the city center along the Athenian Riviera. There are dozens of blue flag beaches and seaside tavernas to explore en route to the gleaming Temple of...
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Polignotou 3, Athina 105 55, Greece
Slave-traders and shoe-menders, jewelers and moneylenders haggled and gossiped at this ancient marketplace the history of which spans five millennia. The Agora was also the stomping ground of rival philosophers Plato and Socrates—the latter...