Direct flights are available from the United States to Johannesburg. Direct flights are also available from Istanbul, Doha, and Frankfurt to Cape Town, Johannesburg, Harare, and Windhoek. Within Southern Africa, commercial airlines like Air Namibia, Air Botswana, South African Airways’s Airlink, and several low-cost carriers connect you to cities and bigger bush airports, like Hoedspruit. Charter flights can be arranged for travel to and from luxury lodges with small airstrips.
Visitors travel around Southern Africa by car, overland tour, or a mix of commercial and charter flights. You can travel the whole of Southern Africa by paved national highway, though the vast majority of routes are gravel and dirt roads. Distances are vast, so self-drivers should be aware of gas tank capacity, use a GPS or map, and carry extra water. Most car rental agencies will let you take your vehicle across international borders, except Botswana. Ask for the country fee(s) and permit information when renting a vehicle. Make sure to eat or leave behind any fresh meat or produce when crossing borders as it could be confiscated. Within major cities, taxis are often the safest form of public transportation.