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Woodfjord Svalbard  Svalbard and Jan Mayen

Linking the Liefdefd Fjord with the open Arctic Ocean, the Woodfjord carves its way 64 kilometers (40 miles) inland, making it one of Svalbard’s longest fjords. The mountain ridge that runs along the Woodfjord gets its name, Old Red, from a distinctive deep-red Devonian sandstone that continues to fascinate geologists. Its high iron oxide content, which causes the rock's red color, shows Svalbard must have once been located near the equator and so bolsters the theory of plate tectonics. Common eiders and arctic terns nest by the beaches of the fjord, although they can be hard to spot.