Israel Museum, Jerusalem
Photo by Noam Chen / Israeli Ministry of Tourism
See Relics and the Dead Sea ScrollsAs the country's largest cultural institution, the Israel Museum is ranked among the world’s leading art and archaeology museums. Founded in 1965, it presents encyclopedic collections of international, Israeli, and contemporary art and photography, including works dating from prehistory to the present day. The museum also has the most extensive collection of biblical and Holy Land archaeology. It's perhaps best known for the Shrine of the Book—designed by Armand Bartos and Frederick Kiesler and which houses the Dead Sea Scrolls, the oldest biblical texts in the world—along with rare early medieval biblical manuscripts.