About 100 km upriver from Luxor is the Horus Temple at Edfu, the most complete and best preserved temple complex in Egypt. Edfu Temple is Ptolemaic. Just 2,200 years old, it's a mere baby in this ancient land, and is, in fact, built on the site of a New Kingdom Temple, much older.
The pylon (monumental gate) is an impressive 56 metres high, taller than the pylon at the better known temple at Karnak. When the temple here at Edfu was discovered in the 1860s, it was covered almost to the ceiling with sand—hard to imagine today, as there it stands tall and proud at the side of this ancient river. Through the centuries, people have sought refuge in here, and their cooking fires have damaged the decorated ceilings.