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How To Build A Wooden Canoe New York New York United States

How To Build A Wooden Canoe

Learning how to build a wooden canoe can be daunting. Whether you build an authentic canoe with birch bark, strips of cedar, wood or even a canoe, wooden boats can be complex projects that require a lot of time and need great skill to finish them. However, if you have the obsession to build a wooden canoe, a simple plan of the bottom of a smooth three-layer canoe is characterized by construction materials and modern techniques.

The Helmet

Mark the sheets of plywood using the templates that come with the canoe plans. Cut the number of shapes specific to the boat and leave those shapes in place to fit according to the plan assembly diagram. You could use some more template pieces or turn them over to make the opposite sides of the pieces.

Join the two lower parts of the panel joined at the ends and stick with duct tape to the joint. Glue the joint between the panels with glue. Turn the panel. Cut an 8 inch (20 cm) wide strip (end joint) of the remaining plywood that is 2 inches (10 cm) shorter than the joint between the bottom of the panel pieces. Glue it in place at the top of the center of the board between the bottom of the panels. Leave one inch (2.54 cm) uncovered at each end of the board at the center. Let the glue dry overnight.

Glue the two panels on the left end side to side. Cut the two halves on the left side of the panel and place adhesive tape on the joint between them on the outside. Put glue between the joints and let it set for a few hours. Cut and paste an 8 inch (20 cm) sheet on the top of the board where the inside of the boat will go. Do the same with the two panels on the right side.

Place the bottom of the panel on its side and on the smooth floor. Place the left side of the panel on the edge, with the bottom edge facing up. Nail two wooden posts on the floor on each side of the panel at one end so that the end touches the bottom end of the panel. Use the edge of the lower panel as a guide and fold the left panel to follow the curved end of the bottom. Repeat this on the opposite side so that the curve of the two panels fits on the edge of the bottom panel.

Tape the joint between the bottom and side panels on the outside of the helmet. Apply glue on the inside of the ends of the panels where they meet to form the bow and stern. Tape the outside of the board with tape.

Reinforcement And Finishing

Cut three pegs the same width as the canoe by measuring it in the center and just behind your plane to add the bow and stern seats. Pierce the helmet where the ends of the pegs will press on it. Glue the ends of the inside of the boat and screw the pins transversely to the hull with screws and galvanized washers.

Fill with epoxy putty the joints between the panels inside the boat and let it dry. Sand the whole boat inside and out. Round the corners of all joints. Round the ends of the pot where the inner panels meet and replace the tape.

Cut fiberglass strips 8 inches (20 cm) wide and long enough to cover the inside of the boat joints. Cover the strips with fiberglass resin when you are extending them over the top of the joints. Use the putty knife to spread the resin and remove the bubbles from the material until it is smooth. Leave the joints covered to dry.

Paint the inside of the boat with fiberglass resin and let it set and harden overnight. Remove all the tape from the outside of the helmet, apply putty to the joints, apply adhesive tape with fiberglass strips and apply resin. Let them dry. Sand and paint the outside of the helmet with fiberglass resin and let it dry overnight.

Cut and shape the bottom of two seats with a 1 inch (2.54 cm) by 10 inch (25.40 cm) board and screw them into place from the outside of the helmet using galvanized screws and washers. Apply strips of fiberglass where the seats and the helmet are joined and cover with resin to glue the transverse and the seat to the hull of the boat. Wind the ends of the boat with fiberglass strips and apply resin to give them more resistance. Let everything dry, then sand the whole boat and paint it with epoxy-based paint on the inside and outside.


If you have access to a spray paint kit and have skills to use it, spray the paint in thin layers to get a smoother finish than if you painted it with a brush.


Wear rubber gloves and eye protection when applying fiberglass resin and epoxy-based paints. Apply resins and paint in well-ventilated areas. Wear a mask when you sand and pulverize.
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