Jan Mayensfield

The Jan Mayensfield airfield serves Olonkin City, but welcomes just eight flights a year from Bodø on Norway’s northwestern coast. Lockheed C-130 Hercules turboprop planes operated by the Norwegian military deliver supplies and facilitate crew changes. No commercial planes are permitted to land on the 1,500-meter-long (4,900-foot-long) dirt runway. Because of frequent bouts of fog and a type of wind gust called von Kármán turbulence (caused by the volcano), landing conditions are harsh, with sudden changes in wind direction.

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