From a distance, Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump looks like any other Canadian Rockies foothill area, but closer inspection reveals a UNESCO World Heritage site that holds 6,000 years of First Nations (native peoples') history beneath its grassy surface.
Buffalo used to be plentiful on the great plains, and aboriginal peoples hunted the species for millennia by running them off steep cliffs throughout the foothills. Head-Smashed-In Buffalo Jump is the best preserved of these sites. The five-floor interpretive center, which is cleverly disguised in the hillside, is considered a Canadian Signature Experience for how it guides visitors through the area’s rich history chronologically.
Open year-round. Entrance from $10. 1-403-553-2731.