In 1713 the French built a massive stone fortress on this site, less than an hour from where Sydney stands today. The English destroyed the structure in 1760 to ensure it would never fall back into French hands. Now a national historic site, the Fortress of Louisbourg is one of the largest reconstruction projects ever undertaken in North America. Beginning in 1961, a team of archaeologists and historians worked with builders trained in 18th-century French masonry techniques to faithfully re-create a portion of the fortress. Its more than 50 buildings make up only a quarter of the original structure. Here history comes alive, with guides dressed in convincing period costume and activities that allow visitors to experience 18th-century life through bread-baking workshops, puppet shows and musket demonstrations.