Punta Arenas, Magallanes y la Antártica Chilena Region, Chile
Fort BulnesSouth America's Southern Cone countries—Argentina and Chile—have been parrying over land claims since the early days, each attempting to plant its flag on fragmented islands and other juts of land in the Strait of Magellan. Learn more about this history at Fort Bulnes (Fuerte Bulnes), a settlement established in 1843 by a band of 22 settlers on behalf of the Chilean government. The settlers built the fort to protect the region from claims made by other countries. Once Punta Arenas was established, the fort was abandoned and destroyed, then rebuilt in the mid-20th century as a historic site and declared a national monument.