Mussolini developed this residential and business district in southern Rome in the 1930s and 1940s for a pair of propagandistic motives. The first was to host the 1942 world's fair called the Esposizione Universale di Roma (abbreviated EUR), while the other was to commemorate 20 years of Italian Fascism and therefore two decades of Il Duce’s rule.
The buildings and urban plan of EUR, as its Fascist origins would imply, draw on an austere and rational style common of the era. Large conference centers, museums, office buildings, and a monumental church were constructed from local travertine limestone and Italian marble, drawing on ancient imperial designs for inspiration.
Part of the appeal of EUR is the sheer scale of the district, which is easily accessible with the Metro B, and simply strolling the broad avenues and beneath the hulking porticoes is a way to experience the area. Don’t miss a walk around the Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana, a limestone building dubbed the Colosseo Quadrato (square Colosseum) for its arcades and rectilinear layout. But for a view inside EUR’s buildings, visit its various museums like the Museo della Civiltà Romana (Museum of Roman Civilization), the Museo Nazionale dell'Alto Medioevo (Museum of the Middle Ages) and the Museo Nazionale Preistorico Etnografico (Prehistoric Ethnographic Museum).