In 1532, when the Spanish army, led by Francisco Pizarro, arrived in Cajamarca (which by that time had become he capital of the Inca Empire) they all were dazzled by the splendor of the Incan Court. Atahualpa (Inca Emperor) was arrested and imprisoned in his own royal room and offered freedom in exchange of gold. Atahualpa offered to fill the room with gold once and twice with silver as high as his extended hand could reach. After gathering gold and silver from all over the empire he was able to fill it. This wealthy rescue is considered one of the highest ever paid in the human history. He was executed anyway though. The room in which all this happened, today called "Cuarto de Rescate" (Rescue Room), can still be visited in the city of Cajamarca.