If Amman has a single highlight, it is the Citadel in the heart of the city, where humans have lived since the Neolithic age. Under the Greeks the settlement was called Philadelphia. The stunning, elegant Roman ruins of the Temple of Hercules dominate the site, along with a Byzantine church and the domed 8th-century Umayyad Palace. The Jordan Archaeological Museum is a must-stop for the 10,000-year-old 'Ain Ghazal Neolithic statues.
By John Oseid
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