The North Cape marks the transition from the Atlantic Ocean’s Norwegian Sea to the Arctic Ocean’s Barents Sea. As relatively shallow water, the Barents Sea is prime for fishing and oil and gas exploration. Because of these economic prospects, Norway and Russia disputed the sea border for decades before reaching an agreement in 2010. (Just hours after the treaty was signed, Norwegian politicians celebrated by sending a seismic surveying vessel—the first step in petroleum exploration—to the Norwegian portion of the disputed area.)
By David Nikel, AFAR Local Expert
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