Alerce Andino National Park
A close relative of the chinchilla, the southern vizcacha lives in the mountains along Chile's southern coast (as well as in Argentina and Chile). Though its longish ears resemble a rabbit's, it's actually a large rodent that can grow to 45 centimeters (18 inches) long and weigh more than 2.7 kilograms (six pounds). Vizcachas have fluffy tails that they curl up when resting and extend when running. The fur color is typically gray or brown, but it changes with the season and with age. A jumping herbivore, the vizcacha was made for rocky terrain, where its diet of moss, grass and lichen supplies almost all of its water needs. The vizcacha has long been prized for its fur and man is its most dangerous predator.