As French tastes shift to comforting classics, the soufflé is making a comeback.
The lunch plates at Les Fables de la Fontaine, a contemporary bistro in Paris’s seventh arrondissement, had been cleared. The tables were brushed clean, and fresh silverware set neatly in preparation for the dessert course, the primary reason for my visit. I couldn’t help but notice one of the servers waiting expectantly near the entrance to the dining room, his eyes fixed on the kitchen door.
Moments later, David Bottreau, the bistro’s owner, pushed through the door holding a small bamboo tray. On it sat a pearly white baking dish and an oval bowl filled with one perfect scoop of sorbet. Nearby diners craned their necks to watch as Bottreau walked quickly to my table and gingerly deposited the dish in front of me with an emphatic “Le voilà!” An inch above the edge of the piping-hot ramekin rose the crisp golden puff of my dessert: a pineapple-lychee soufflé.
Yes, if it is to be done correctly. “The countdown begins the second the dish leaves the oven,” the late pastry chef Laurent Jeannin once told me. (Jeannin’s dark chocolate soufflé with cognac ice cream is still a winter staple at the brasserie 114 Faubourg.) Made from whipped egg whites folded into a flavored egg base, a soufflé rises when the air bubbles trapped in the egg whites expand as they are exposed to heat. Those bubbles begin to shrink the moment a soufflé leaves the oven, which means it must be served within minutes, before the top layer begins to deflate.
The soufflé, which takes its name from the French verb souffler (“to puff or blow”), is attributed to an 18th-century French cook, Vincent de la Chapelle. But the dish didn’t become popular in France until the early 19th century, when the country’s first celebrity chef, Marie-Antoine Carême, included it in one of his cookbooks. More than a century later, Julia Child introduced both sweet and savory soufflés to American palates, writing in Mastering the Art of French Cooking that the dessert soufflé in particular is considered “the epitome and triumph of the art of French cookery.”
Now the pendulum is swinging back to Gallic classics. “The soufflé is an example of la cuisine bourgeoise—everyday cooking that’s neither too rustic nor too esoteric—that’s making its comeback,” says the chef Virginie Basselot, who was awarded the prestigious title of Meilleur Ouvrier de France in 2015 in part on the strength of her savory soufflé. “We’re going back to simple, recognizable dishes that reassure.”
Even established chefs known for their forward-thinking styles are embracing the dish once again. When Michelin-starred chef Alain Ducasse opened his brasserie Champeaux in 2016, the soufflé—both savory and sweet—occupied a prime spot on the menu. And young chefs use the soufflé as a canvas for experimentation. The pineapple-lychee version I enjoyed at Les Fables was developed by 23-year-old chef Julia Sedefdjian, who has also used coconut, mango, and other fruits.
As I scraped the last crispy morsels from the bottom of my ramekin, I gave thanks that France’s most evanescent dish has found a way to endure.
At his seafood restaurant, award-winning chef Mathieu Pacaud serves a simple, universal favorite: chocolate soufflé with decadent vanilla ice cream. 18 rue Fabert, 75007.
This first arrondissement restaurant has been a temple for soufflé lovers since 1961 with a menu composed entirely of savory and sweet soufflés that change with the seasons. 36 rue Mont Thabor, 75001.
At Alain Ducasse’s modern brasserie the soufflés of the day, both savory (from cheese to lobster) and sweet (say, chocolate, or maybe orange), are listed on a board like the ones listing train arrivals and departures at the Gare du Nord. Forum des Halles La Canopée, 75001.
Among the sweet standouts at this Michelin-starred brasserie—located in the Hôtel Le Bristol—there’s none more iconic than the late Laurent Jeannin’s Guanaja dark chocolate soufflé served with house-made cognac ice cream. 114 rue du Faubourg Saint-Honoré, 75008.