Growing up in Alabama, I spent summers on the Florida Panhandle, where our family would often boil Gulf shrimp along with corn, potatoes, and sausages, and serve it all strewn over newspaper. But it was when I moved to Sullivan’s Island, South Carolina, that I really began to appreciate the importance of shrimp to the culture and cooking of the Lowcountry, a roughly 220-mile stretch of coastal South Carolina and Georgia. Shrimp spawn in the waters off the beaches. Then the young ones ride the tides through the inlets into the vast network of waterways, and settle throughout the marsh tidal creeks, where local residents often catch them. The grown survivors eventually head back out to sea to spawn, perhaps to be snared by trawling fishermen.
Shrimp boils have long been synonymous with Lowcountry social occasions of all kinds. Day to day, however, the most identifiable Lowcountry dish is shrimp and grits (sometimes called “breakfast shrimp”): boiled shrimp adorned with little more than butter or bacon, salt, and pepper, and ladled over grits. In 1985, when New York Times food critic Craig Claiborne wrote about chef Bill Neal’s shrimp and cheese grits at Crook’s Corner restaurant in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, chefs all over the South and in Charleston—the cultural capital of the Lowcountry—elaborated on the dish’s original simplicity, adding such ingredients as heavy cream and tasso ham.
Recently, several Charleston chefs have begun to put far-reaching spins on the popular crustacean. “Looking at menus now, you might say shrimp paired with bread or toast is Charleston’s new iconic dish,” says restaurateur Brooks Reitz, co-owner of Leon’s Oyster Shop, which has featured various incarnations of shrimp toast, including a shrimp salad with mayonnaise and celery on a grilled roll. “We have such a great local seafood culture,” he says, “but we also wanted to look outside of the South for inspiration. Our shrimp roll takes its cue from the lobster rolls of the Northeast.”
Ten blocks away at Xiao Bao Biscuit, chef-owner Josh Walker incorporates the flavors of fish sauce and lime leaf into his shrimp toast. “Shrimp toast is often found on old-school Chinese-American menus,” Walker says. “But the origin of our version is the French influence in Vietnam, which in many ways ties in perfectly with this climate, this place. We have ingredients like fresh chilies and lemongrass available here, too.”
At the bustling brewpub Edmund’s Oast, the unique twist is chef Andy Henderson’s pickled shrimp. “The initial inspiration for the dish was this rye bread from the EVO Craft Bakery in North Charleston,” Henderson says. “It’s hearty bread, and it made me think of Scandinavia. I thought the pickled shrimp would be a great contrast, and I’m proud we do a classic dish in a different way.”
Longtime Charleston food writer and author Jeff Allen says the embrace of international cuisines is more than just a trend. “Right now, there’s a big move toward the cosmopolitan, and the acceptance of outside influence,” he says. “People are taking these local ingredients and reinterpreting them. That wasn’t always accepted around here. Chefs are pushing the cuisine forward by introducing dishes that aren’t necessarily traditional. And that’s a big story.”
How to Make Shrimp Rolls
(MAKES 8 SANDWICHES)
Recipe by Ari Kolender of Leon’s Oyster Shop
8 hoagie rolls
2 lb. poached shrimp, cut into chunks
7 oz. mayonnaise
3.5 oz. prepared horseradish
1 tablespoon ginger, minced
1 tablespoon salt
2 limes, juiced
2 oz. scallions, minced
2 oz. celery, small dice
2 oz. jalapeño, small dice
1/2 oz. chive, minced
1/2 oz. tarragon, minced
1/2 oz. chervil, minced
1. Place the mayonnaise in a mixing bowl with the horseradish, ginger, salt, lime juice, scallions, celery, jalapeño, and herbs. Use a whisk and mix until everything comes together.
2. Next add the shrimp to the bowl and use a spatula or large spoon to incorporate it into the mayonnaise. Cover and chill the mixture until it is ready for use.
3. Spread a small amount of soft butter onto both sides of the hoagie rolls. Place them on a grill or a flat top and get a small amount of color on the bread.
4. Once it is cool enough to handle, check the shrimp mixture for additional seasoning, then fill the rolls. For garnish I like to top them with crushed potato chips!
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