Mythology + Ancient History
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Mythology + Ancient History
In 1848, just eight years after scientists declared Neanderthals a distinct species, the skull of an adult female Neanderthal was found in Gibraltar. This discovery spurred excavations that ultimately revealed these early human ancestors had found refuge here from ice ages farther north and had probably existed here until their final extinction, several thousand years later than elsewhere in the world. The Strait of Gibraltar also plays a role in Greek mythology—two large promontories flanking the water (the Rock of Gibraltar and probably Jebel Musa on the Moroccan side) are thought to be the twin sites referred to as the Pillars of Hercules, which signaled the farthest reaches of the known world.
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