The history of Jews in Rome is an ancient and complex study spanning nearly twenty-two centuries. The community—today there are around 13,000 members—is a small but important facet of the city’s cultural fabric and, though you often have to go on a scavenger hunt to find it, there is evidence of Jewish history all over town.
Rome's Museo Ebraico, which occupies the basement level of the city’s Tempio Maggiore (main synagogue), showcases art, architecture, and archeology related to Rome’s ancient Jewish community. There are several rooms devoted to historical relics, maps, and decorative elements from old synagogues. A section dedicated to the Ghetto period pays tribute to more than three centuries of Jewish persecution by the Pope, while a solemn area details the atrocities of the Roman Holocaust.
In addition to admission to the collection, museum visitors may also join an English language tour of the two synagogues on site, including the magnificent Tempio Maggiore. For security reasons, only museum visitors may access these synagogues.