In 1881 professor Milne Edwards led a historic expedition to the depths of the Gascogne Sea. Reports of his adventures inspired Prince Albert I to build a centre dedicated to marine biology. His Musée Océanographique de Monaco opened in 1910 and little more than a century later it plays a key role in marine research and conservation. Home to 6000 fish and 300 invertebrates, the museum stands on the “Rocher”. Jacques Cousteau’s first submarine, the Anorep 1 decorates the grounds, with cliffs plunging into the Mediterranean in the distance.