The Melidoni cave is on the Old Heraklion Road between Rethymno and Heraklion. This cave was used for religious ceremonies during the Minoan times. It also played an important role during the period of the Ottoman occupation. Villagers fled to the cave in order to escape the revengeful acts from Hussein Pasha. After the Ottomans located the villagers, which consisted of 370 women and children and 30 rebels, Pasha ordered the cave be blocked off after setting fire to the entrance and everyone inside died due to the lack of oxygen. Now a large white tomb with the remains of all the passed during that incident sits inside the cave in a room named the Room of the Heroes. A small chapel is built in the entrance of the cave where the victims are commemorated every year.