Less than an hour south of Tokyo, Kamakura is a popular coastal town and home to the Great Buddha. This bronze statue of Amida Buddha, which stands on the grounds of Kotokuin Temple, has a height of 13.35 meters. It is the second tallest bronze Buddha statue in Japan, surpassed only by the statue in Nara's Todaiji Temple. You can step inside the Buddha (through the back) to see how it was constructed. The original temple that housed the Buddha was destroyed by a typhoon and tidal wave in the 14th century. Since 1495, the Buddha has been standing in the open air. You can also see the giant Buddha sandals here.